Dating ball jar lids

Additional links to images of similar bottles are also frequently included. The array of references used to support the conclusions and estimates found here - including the listed dating ranges - are noted. Additional information and estimates are based on the empirical observations of the author over 50 years of experience; a fact often but not always noted.

Various terminology is used in the descriptions that may be unfamiliar if you have not studied other pages on this site. If a term is unfamiliar, first check the Bottle Glossary page for an explanation or definition. As an alternative, one can do a search of this website.

The foods available during the 19th century and before were often of dubious quality and taste - or at least bland - necessitating the use of a wide array of sauces to either enhance the flavor or cover up off-flavors Rinker Given this fact, sauces and condiment bottles are very commonly associated with historic sites dating from the entire time span covered by this website, i.

Sauces and condiments are lumped together in this section due to the similarity of the products, i. Sauces are usually considered condiments, though not all condiments are sauces - if one defines sauce as being more liquid than not. However, these two categories of bottles do have some functional differences from each other as to the general shapes.

Although not covered as a specific category, the bottle pictured to the above left would be considered typical of the shape of bottles used for sauce during the earliest part of the era covered by this website These somewhat uniquely shaped bottles were probably manufactured by various processes - free-blown, dip molded, or two or three-piece molded like the pictured example , would have pontil scarred or smooth bases like this example; click sauce base to view an image of this bottles slightly pushed-up base , and date from the s to s era.

The pictured bottle was likely used for "oyster ketchup" as it was excavated in San Francisco, CA. However, bottles of this general shape could - and probably were - used for a variety of liquid substances e. The reader should be aware that there were likely thousands of uniquely different sauce bottles made during the era covered by this website if one includes the plethora of subtle variations on the major thematic styles presented here.

Gothic or cathedral styles One of the earliest of the distinct U. These designs also see the gothic pickle bottle section later on this page originated during the midth century "Gothic Revival" period in American and Europe which also had its effects on the architecture of the period Deiss pers. Gothic sauce bottles were made in both square and hexagonal cross-section shapes and are often quite ornate in appearance - an early and apparently successful attempt to use packaging to attract the eye of potential purchasers by stylistically emulating the already popular Victorian gothic design elements of the 19th century.

Some less ornate designs simply have the long lower body indented and peaked panels without the upper smaller panels, or just one upper panel instead of two. These would all be considered as gothic styles. The example to the left is typical of the style with three separate panels on each side with the two upper panels having additional decorative features inside the panel. The cathedral designation almost certainly modern collector jargon.

Both the four square and six sided hexagonal designs seem to have appeared about the same time s and both cross-section shapes continued in use to some degree as late as the early 20th century although both configurations of the style were most popular from about through the s Deiss ; empirical observations. The image to the above right shows a base view of both conformations. The following discussions cover the two major classes of gothic sauces: It should be noted that five sided gothic sauce bottles have been reported Spude et al.

The gothic peppersauce bottle pictured in the upper left corner of this section is a square gothic sauce dating from the s to mids time period based on diagnostic features including an improved or iron pontil mark on the base and a key mold base conformation.

This example is typical of the design popular during the through period. Click on base view to see an image of this bottles base showing the very distinct iron or improved pontil scar.

The picture to the right is of a bit later version of a square gothic pepper sauce ca. The author has noted with both the square and hexagonal shapes a distinct tendency towards narrower bodied bottles as the 19th century progressed.

In addition, the square styles appear to have largely fallen out of favor by the early s discussed below though were being made by at least one bottle maker until Hagerty Brothers Click on the following links for more images of the gothic pepper sauce bottle to the right: This bottle is also the square example in the base image above. This particular bottle lacks a pontil scar on the base which has the embossed letter "S" as shown in the base view image above right though has a crudely applied double ring finish, key base mold blown , and no evidence of mold air venting.

Given that the lifespan of a heavily used mold for a popular generic style bottle type like this was likely just a few years, one can be confident that this bottle dates from the mids. Click close-up of the upper embossing pattern, neck and finish to see these features. Variations of the gothic style were in use for an extensive period and appear to not have begun to disappear until the advent of bottle making machines during the early 20th century and even lingered into the early s on bottles which may have been machine-made Obear-Nester Co.

These later mouth-blown hexagonal examples have tooled finishes, exhibit mold air venting marks, and were made in cup-bottom molds Spude et al. Other images of gothic style sauce bottles are available by clicking on the following links. This helps show a bit of the diversity of shape found in these bottles: Early 20th century gothic peppersauce - This is an typical example of the later mouth-blown hexagonal pepper sauce bottle which was likely made sometime between the s and s.

This shows the slight but distinctly narrower profile typical of the later hexagonal gothic pepper sauces noted earlier and is virtually identical to the Obear-Nester Glass Co. Click on the following links to view more images of this bottle: Gothic style sauce bottles are most commonly associated with historic sites that date from the period spanning the late s to early s through the s; the gothic sauce bottles pictured here are typical of that era Deiss The following is a summary of some key date ranges for two classes of gothic sauce bottles: Square and hexagonal examples first appeared in the late s to possibly early s Deiss Pontil scarred examples glass-tipped, blowpipe, and iron pontil scars date from the above noted origination time to the American Civil War period.

After that point approximately these bottles are virtually all "smooth base", i. Square examples appear to have largely disappeared by the early to mids with some made as late as Hagerty Brothers All square examples studied by the author have had applied finishes indicating that this style was unusual by the mid to late s.

Bottle makers catalogs after the late s only list hexagonal designs, if they list any gothic design sauces. Hexagonal examples were mouth-blown produced at least as late as and possibly even into the s Cumberland Glass Co. Those made prior to the late s have applied finishes; those after that time s and later typically have tooled finishes. Early 20th century examples are not uncommon in colorless or light amethyst glass Rinker ; empirical observations.

Early 20th century examples made by the Illinois Glass Co. The latest hexagonal gothic sauce bottles were likely machine-made, though examples have not been observed by the author. The example listed in the Obear-Nester Glass Co. The illustration shows the typical type of relatively narrow hexagonal gothic pepper sauce bottles made by various glass makers from the s through the first couple decades of the 20th century.

In fact, that illustrated design conformation - having embossed decorative features within the tall arched lower panel - is typical of the gothic sauce bottles made during the s through s to early s era, including the mouth-blown items noted in the previous point. Most gothic sauce bottles produced before the s were conformed like the bottles pictured earlier in this section Illinois Glass Co. As noted earlier, there was a trend in gothic sauce bottles for the diameter of the bottles - both square and hexagonal - to narrow a bit over time from the s to about However, this is a feature that is only easily apparent after examining a large number of these type bottles and should simply be used as one of several physical features to consider when estimating the manufacturing date of this type.

Generally speaking, the dating of these type bottles based on manufacturing related diagnostic features follows quite well the guidelines presented throughout this website and summarized on the Bottle Dating page; see that page for more information.

Ribbed styles This moderately variable category of sauce bottles is unified by the fact that the bottles have some type of molded decorative body features dominated by variously detailed and oriented ridges or ribbing. These bottles primarily contained various types of pepper sauce aka peppersauce - one word though some were used for foods like ketchup, vinegar and likely other semi-liquid food products Switzer ; Zumwalt All do share a general similarity of overall conformation of being a "sauce-like" tall and narrow, usually a capacity of 12 oz.

One should be aware that there is a lot form and decorative variety within this category not specifically covered by the pictured bottles, though those discussed in the following are commonly encountered designs Zumwalt It should also be noted that ketchup bottles often have vertical body ribbing and grade into this category somewhat, though ketchup bottles tend to have a different overall conformation and usually a different type finish, i.

Ketchup bottles are covered in the next section. Tall, relatively narrow sauce bottles with varying types of vertical ribs, ridging or fluting were a very common conformation from as early as the late s or early s well into the early 20th century Switzer ; Zumwalt Mouth-blown vertically ribbed sauce bottles were typically made of aqua glass, though colorless or light amethyst manganese dioxide decolorized glass examples are fairly common and deeper greens and blues occasionally seen.

Machine-made vertically ribbed sauce bottles - though not specifically discussed here - exist and lean strongly towards being dominated by colorless glass like the majority of 20th century, machine-made food bottles and jars Zumwalt The common, vertically ribbed sauce bottle pictured above is of late 19th century origin and is hexagonal in cross-section. Nothing is really known about this company except that it was located at Washington St.

However, this vertically ribbed style and similar variations were certainly used by many different sauce producing companies and made by many different glass companies during the era from the s to s.

This particular example has a tooled double ring finish and was blown in a post-bottom mold though has no obvious air venting marks indicating a likely manufacturing date range. Click on the following links for more images of this bottle: Photo courtesy of David Whitten. The pictured example also has three horizontal rings on the neck which was a common stylistic feature for this class of vertically ribbed sauce bottles. This example has an applied double ring finish, lacks evidence of mold air venting, and is not pontil scarred on the base which is embossed with S.

Photo courtesy of Glass Works Auctions. This particular bottle has a crudely applied one-part extract type finish more or less , blowpipe pontil scarred base, and was hinge mold blown with certainly no evidence of mold air venting the author has never observed a pontil scarred, mold air vented bottle. These attributes are consistent with a manufacture during the s or early s. One of these bottles with an original label noted that it contained "tomato catsup" and similar bottles from this company have been recorded in cobalt blue and deep green, though the vast majority are aqua Zumwalt ; empirical observations.

Pickle bottles from this company were also excavated from both the steamships Arabia and Bertrand which sank in the Missouri River in and , respectively Switzer ; Hawley This gives some indication of how commonly used these bottles were during the midth century.

Although the style was most popular during the era noted s to s they were made by at least one glassmaker in the early s as they are listed in the Robert J. Alther glassware catalog as a "fluted pepper sauce" Alther ; empirical observations. Click Alther catalog page 55 to view the page from the catalog that shows their version of the bottle which appear identical to the examples pictured above, including the vertically fluted body ribs and three tightly grouped horizontal rings on the neck Alther Although the author has not personally seen an example with diagnostic features indicating an early 20th century production, it is possible that the vertically ribbed pepper sauce in the "other images" grouping below may be from as late as the very early s.

This photo and a description of the bottle was provided by a user of this site in early Distinct horizontal ribbing was also a very common conformation for a wide variety of sauce bottles from at least as early as the s until well into the 20th century. Many types of sauce bottles fit into this category with only a few covered here; users should be aware that this category has a wide range of types and variations.

The binding feature here is that these bottles have distinct horizontal body ribbing, usually held no more than 12 to 16 oz. The so-called "beehive" sauce bottles pictured to the left and right were used by the E. New York and are embossed on the base as such. Photo to the right courtesy of Glass Works Auctions.


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Total 1 comments.
#1 20.08.2018 в 04:15 Ericdesmontagnes:
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